Most often during pregnancy, you may experience low hemoglobin. The situation is unpleasant, but with the correct correction, it can be corrected.
But high hemoglobin during pregnancy is very rare, but it happens. What is it, why hemoglobin rises and how to cope with it, we’ll talk about it.
The article does not replace observation by a specialist and undergoing examinations and treatment under his guidance.
What is hemoglobin and its rate during pregnancy
Hemoglobin is an iron-containing protein that provides oxygen to tissues. It carries oxygen from the respiratory system to the tissues and is responsible for transporting carbon dioxide in the opposite direction. The course of pregnancy depends on the amount of hemoglobin.
In women in a normal position, hemoglobin should be:
- in the first three months 112 -160 g / l;
- in the middle of pregnancy 100 – 144 g / l;
- in the last months 110 -140 g / l.
Know! When hemoglobin rises by no more than 20 units, then do not panic – this is the body adapting to gestation. Usually, by the end of the first trimester, the indicators come to noma.
During this period, the blood increases in volume and liquefies, so usually the level of hemoglobin decreases, and its increase is rare.
Throughout pregnancy, the amount of hemoglobin is constantly changing and, most importantly, that this amount does not go beyond the normal range.
High hemoglobin during pregnancy is diagnosed by a complete blood count. Blood must be taken from a vein without fail! only in this case can the results of the analysis be considered correct.
Causes and symptoms of high hemoglobin during pregnancy
One of the problems during gestation is high hemoglobin. It occurs in women with bleeding disorders. This condition must be diagnosed and treated in time, otherwise problems will arise during childbirth.
The main thing that needs to be done is to contact a hematologist and confirm or exclude a blood disease such as polycythemia.
The reasons for the condition can be as follows:
- lack of folic acid and vitamin B12;
- heart and kidney problems;
- violation of the intestines and stomach;
- bad habits.
The disease is manifested by drowsiness and fatigue, pallor of the skin and impaired visual acuity, as well as problems with the genitourinary system.
- Hemoglobin can increase in a pregnant woman after physical exertion, with an active lifestyle, in those who spend a lot of time in the air, as well as in women who live in mountainous regions;
- Hemoglobin rises in diabetes mellitus, with severe stress;
- Taking multivitamins can also increase hemoglobin, so pregnant women need to take them very carefully .
It is better to establish proper nutrition during pregnancy, so as not to gain extra pounds, but to provide the baby with the necessary nutrients.
- High hemoglobin during pregnancy can be caused by the predominance of iron-containing foods in the diet.
Why high hemoglobin is dangerous during pregnancy
When the iron level in the expectant mother is increased, then, due to the viscosity of the blood, it does not circulate well.
As a result, oxygen exchange is disrupted, and this has a bad effect on the development of the fetus. Oxygen is poorly supplied to the child, which leads to negative consequences.
The consequences of high hemoglobin:
- blood clots;
- varicose veins and problems with the heart and blood vessels;
- thick lymph, which does not allow the supply of nutrients to the child;
- there may be a miscarriage in the early stages;
- premature birth;
- intrauterine growth retardation of the baby;
- fading of pregnancy;
- at the end of pregnancy, there may be hypoxia in the baby.
Also, studies have found that with a primary hemoglobin level of 146 g / l and above, the risk of premature stillbirth increases threefold (i.e. up to 37 weeks).
How to treat high hemoglobin
What to do with high hemoglobin during pregnancy? First of all, with a high level of hemoglobin, you can adjust your diet:
- Drink more fluids. Amount of liquid per day: 2 liters;
- The menu should be varied, which will include all the nutrients. All foods that increase iron levels should be eliminated from the diet. These are red meat, fruits and vegetables, liver;
- Do not eat fatty foods. From them cholesterol rises, and as a result, the blood becomes thick and there is a blockage of blood vessels;
- It is advisable to consume large quantities of fermented milk products, herbs and fish, as well as legumes.
- For better digestion, you need to move a lot and be in the fresh air .
- Dishes must be cooked boiled, stewed, or simply eaten raw.
Lowering hemoglobin, with the help of nutrition, is possible with a slight increase. Naturally, you should have already visited a hematologist and he will prescribe medication.
The most frequent prescriptions of doctors are drugs that thin the blood and normalize its clotting, these are:
Attention! In order not to harm the unborn baby, medications cannot be taken without a doctor’s prescription.
If the hemoglobin level increases in the middle of pregnancy, the woman may be hospitalized, as this is a sign of severe toxicosis and preeclampsia
How to take a blood test correctly?
In order for the blood test result to show an accurate result, you need to properly prepare for it. Be sure to adhere to the following rules:
- the analysis is given in the morning on an empty stomach;
- you cannot eat fatty foods per day;
- before surrender, you need to rest for 15 minutes;
- if you are taking any medications, tell about it in the laboratory;
- donate blood from a vein !!!
By the way! If throughout your pregnancy you take tests in one laboratory and you get a bad result, try to take it elsewhere.
When, during my second pregnancy, I was faced with the fact that I was constantly put on low platelets, they scared me with complications in childbirth and thought about a cesarean section, I just found the oldest, municipal laboratory, where laboratory assistants read the analyzes with “eyes”
And the result was normal. No low platelets.
As it turned out, the automatic analyzes received through the blood analyzer are often clogged, and the management of the clinics saves on regular filter changes. Because of this, there may be incorrect test results.
Prevention of an increase in hemoglobin
By observing preventive methods, you can avoid an increase in hemoglobin and do not harm your unborn baby.
Here are some guidelines:
- eat right;
- walk every day in the fresh air;
- drink plenty of fluids.
I understand that this sounds already blurry and trivial, but, honestly, without these simple actions, there can be no question of any healthy bearing of a baby.
Take a look at the course on preparing for childbirth in the last weeks of pregnancy. In it, I also give recommendations on lifestyle from the second trimester of pregnancy and on preparatory actions so that your body is resilient and you can give birth well.
I wish you a healthy pregnancy and easy delivery!