The excitement that many mothers have if the child’s hair grows slowly is justified: hair growth is an indicator of the baby’s health.
But to panic, if the hairs of the crumbs are thin and sparse, and the baby himself is not even a year old, is not worth it. Hair goes through the stage of formation in the same way as all other organs of a baby.
Causes of slow hair growth in children
Before talking about possible anomalies, it is necessary to clarify three factors that affect the normal growth of the scalp:
- Hair on the head or body of a child and an adult is a typical unpretentious atavism left to us from distant ancestors, according to Darwinian teaching;
- Hair is a filamentous appendage of the skin, exactly the same as nails, because they both consist of 95% of keratinoids – the main cells of the epidermis;
- Another 2% is allocated to other microelements with vitamins, and 3% to moisture;
- The hair on the head is the most “nutritious” organ – the hair follicles receive the necessary substances from 225 thousand sebaceous glands, and there are 250 thousand of such glands in the body;
- The sebaceous substance that nourishes each hair follicle, in which the hair root is located, delivers to the root all the nutrients that the body is rich in, which are necessary for hair growth;
With so much nutritional attention, it’s no surprise that hair is the fastest growing organ in the human body.
- In addition, hair concentrates in itself the entire mass of chemical and organic elements that the body has at its disposal.
Therefore, the analysis of hair for a mineralogram (the study of micro- and macroelements in the body) will give a more accurate result than the usual analyzes of urine and blood.
Blood serum contains data on 8-10 elements, when a hair bundle is from 30 to 50!
Such a complex and rich child’s organ as hair must have a long development cycle – this is the first reason for slow hair growth.
- The first hairs appear in the child even in utero, at the 3rd month of pregnancy, and cover the entire embryo entirely, like a skin, leaving only the palms and piles “naked”;
- This skin is called “lanugo” and its density depends on the genetic characteristics of the baby’s mom and dad. The more “shabby” the parents are, the more dense and long the lanugo of the fetus will be;
- Such a structure of hair density will remain in the child for life, even after the skin “peels off” by the end of the 6th month of gestation, dissolving in the amniotic amniotic fluid;
- The child will keep a fairly thinned lanugo on his shoulders, forehead, ears and on the outer sides of the arms and legs. The most persistent hairline remains on the head of the formed fetus.
- The same picture with hair can be observed in babies born prematurely;
- Babies, patiently waiting for their birth, lose the remnants of lanugo, passing through the birth canal, and on the head the so-called “birth hair” is preserved for natural reasons;
- True, by 4-8 weeks after childbirth, the hairs of the child may crumble – this is a physiological norm, you should not be afraid;
- Those children who have received the hairiness gene will quickly recover their hair. In those who did not receive this gene, hair will grow slowly, and it will take up to a year to wait for dense growth, or even longer.
Genetic predisposition is the second natural factor in thick hair or its absence.
- The human child is the most defenseless and imperfect creature among all other animal children.
- After birth, only a human child is so “clinically” unstable to the slightest external influences, so susceptible to diseases and needs especially careful care.
- This is due to the imperfect hormonal background, which is regulated by the endocrine glands. The glands are imperfect – the background is imperfect;
But it is precisely on the well-coordinated work of the endocrine system that the work of the baby’s heart, the purity of his skin, the strength of his bones and, of course, the growth and condition of his hair largely depend.
- The first stage of “improvement” of the endosystem is completed by the age of 2 years. At this age, it is already possible to foresee what color and how thick the child’s hair will be;
- The second stage will last up to 5 years. But here, too, hair can disappear and grow, changing the density and shade;
- Stage three – the awakening of the genital area and the release of sex hormones into the bloodstream – puberty. Only after this period has passed, the final formation of hair follicles in the scalp ends;
- Hair that has settled after adolescence can be considered “real”;
- While the endocrine glands complete their formation, the child’s hair can grow slowly, sometimes quickly, then become thick, then thin right before our eyes.
Endocrine imperfection is the third factor in slow growing hair.
How can you help your hair grow faster?
If the first three factors do not depend at all on the desire of the parents to accelerate the growth of the child’s hair, then you (the parents) are simply obliged to give the baby the most complete nutrition on which his development and the development of all other systems and organs will depend.
Adequate nutrition is a guarantee of the baby’s health, which in the future will affect the quality of his future life, and not just hair growth.
Since during the period of breastfeeding, the baby receives all the most important elements for him directly from her mother’s breast, the nutrition of the mother herself comes to the fore.
Know! A properly selected diet can significantly affect the growth of baby’s hairs – milk should contain all the necessary trace elements and vitamins that contribute to the formation of the endocrine system of the newborn and the development of its immunity.
- Does a child’s hair grow slowly? Breastfeed and do it, as recommended by the World Health Organization, for at least 2 years;
- In addition, iodine and vitamin D are important for good baby hair growth.
With a lack of iodine, mom’s fatigue increases, weakness develops, the skin dries up, and profuse hair loss begins. Her child feels the same way.
During pregnancy and while breastfeeding, pay attention to your diet. If there is a lack of iodine, it is worth drinking additional, vitamin supplements.
Vitamins of group D
An excess of vitamin D in the body of a mother and a child can lead not to the active growth of hair, but to the appearance of the following symptoms:
- disruption of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, constipation or diarrhea);
- violation of sleep and wakefulness
- jumps in weight gain;
- leaching of minerals from bone tissue;
- thinning, or even complete hair loss – alopecia.
Slow hair growth can be caused by an unreasonable diet of a nursing mom. If you are on a diet, or eat poorly and rarely, you cannot allocate time for good nutrition – you need to think about it. You impoverish not only your body, but also the body of the child.
It is quite possible to arrange your day with a baby up to a year in such a way that you will have enough time both for yourself and for him.
We eat from the common table!
From the common table – too voluminous expression, although up to a year, the child must have time to taste “by the gut” virtually all the food that is prepared in the family.
Important! If at the age of 8 months the child’s teeth have not yet appeared, and the barely broken hairs grow unforgivably slowly or even stopped growing, then, most likely, the matter may be in a violation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism.
- With this disorder, another symptom may be an extremely large fontanelle. Ask the pediatrician at the next examination to feel the fontanelle of the baby and say his opinion on this issue;
- It would be nice to include cottage cheese (for children), steep egg yolk, vegetable purees, green vegetables and fruits, buckwheat porridge in the child’s diet.
If the child does not eat well with complementary foods, then it is worth working on returning the nutritional interest in food.
- When the body is saturated with trace elements contained in these products, the condition of the child’s hair will significantly improve;
- A sharp, violent growth of hair in a baby is not yet to be expected. It is enough to get a thickened hairline of a healthy structure from brittle, thin hairs.
Rickets and other diseases
Does a child have poor hair growth at 1 year old? Does the baby sleep restlessly, are fearful and anxious? Do your palms and feet sweat a lot, and does the sweat have a sticky character and a sour smell? Are the edges of the not overgrown fontanelle soft, and the back of the head has lost its rounded shape?
Perhaps the baby has a lack of calcium – rickets.
This is a rather rare disease in a child today.
- It is most often found in premature babies, in children prone to allergic food reactions and in babies who are rarely in the fresh air – the sun is not enough.
- Fortunately, there are no changes in the internal organs, but a trip to take a blood test (for the content of calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase) is required;
- Further – taking vitamin D according to the scheme proposed by the doctor.
And remember! there is no congenital rickets! In the same way, as there are no children who have not been cured of this disease!
- Treatment is long-term, residual effects, including weak hair growth on the head, can last a long time, but, if the pediatrician’s instructions are followed, the disease will recede, and slowly growing hair will be replaced by elastic curls.
- In this rare congenital disease, there is not only slow hair growth in a child, but also skeletal disorders, the first sign of such disorders is the same enlarged fontanelle;
- The reason for this is a decrease in thyroid function;
- If you suspect a violation of the development of the endocrine system, you should be tested for the concentration of thyroid hormones (T4) and hypothalamus (TSH) in the blood.
Thyroid hormone replacement therapy will definitely lead to positive results and the child’s thickened hair will be a bonus.
If hair falls out and splits in adults “from nerves”, then the hair can behave in the same way in children.
- Localization of bald areas on a certain part of the head may indicate a weak supply of this area with blood, which causes headaches and nervous conditions;
- The child’s nervousness, accompanied by poor hair growth and hair loss, convulsive activity and crying during sleep, may be associated with a violation of manganese-magnesium metabolism;
- Increased moodiness and hysteria can be signs of both diseases of the child’s internal organs and disorders of his mental development .
Attention! It is necessary not only to find the cause of the baby’s nervous breakdown, but also to eliminate it! See a pediatric neurologist.
Diseases of the scalp
Broken hair in a child and slow hair growth may indicate a scalp disorder.
- If you notice dandruff or patches of complete baldness, see a trichologist or dermatologist. Get a scalp scraping.
Disruption of the sebaceous glands is not so bad, ringworm is a more unpleasant “discovery”.
2 to 5
Does a 2-year-old child have slow hair growth? And before that, this question did not cause excitement? Congratulations! – your baby has moved to a new frontier in the formation of the endosystem!
The hormonal system began the first stage of preparation for adolescence, which is manifested in the slow growth of hair in the child and their partial loss.
Know! A decrease in the growth and density of hair from 2 to 5 years is an absolutely normal phenomenon and there is no need to worry about this.
Overall, we have covered the main causes of slow hair growth in babies and let’s summarize:
- For a child under one year old, slow hair growth is quite normal;
- So that the hair grows well – breastfeed the baby, introduce complementary foods in a timely manner and make sure that the baby eats it well.
- If you suspect that slow hair growth is associated with a lack of vitamins, contact your pediatrician;
- For a complete examination, you will need to undergo a neurologist and trichologist;
- The baby’s hair grows in waves. The next stage of growth deceleration is 2-4 years.